Bandhej or Bandhani is an art of tie and dye practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, India. Bandhej or Bandhni gets its name from the root word, 'baandh' meaning 'knot'. A plain piece of cloth, usually in cotton, muslin or silk, is tied with threads and dyed with various colors.
The process of creating a Bandhej fabric starts from dipping of cloth into a colour after which the cloth is folded to a quarter of its size. The fabric is first bleached, then folded and motifs are imprinted on it with a reddish dye called 'geru'. Then small knots are tied by hand to make up the motifs. The smaller the knots and the gaps between them, the more premium the finished product.
The colouring method involves the lightest shade being worked in first order, after which this is tied and a darker colour is introduced. An unlimited number of colour schemes are used. The designs are created with the combination of small dots and circles. Quality of bandhej can be judged by the size of the dots; the smaller the dots, finer is the quality. Red, maroon, yellow, golden and black are the common shades.
Bandhej or Bandhani is thus a skilled work of ornamenting the cloth with combination of colours. And what better way of flaunting this traditional art and colour than in a saree. Some of the most revered bandhej sarees come as region-specific like Rajkot Bandhej, Jaipur Bandhej, Jodhpur Bandhej etc.
Rajkot in Gujarat is one of the major bandhej or bandhini centres of India. Rajkot Bandhej Sarees are famous all over the world for their rich color hues and attractive shades. The Rajkot Bandhej sarees are known to captivate the imagination of one and all with their multi colored range and motifs. These sarees, with or without embellishments, are desired also for their delicate motifs that are figure flattering for all body types and brighten all complexions.
Rajasthani Bandhej Sarees are the perfect epitome of the love of Indian women for traditional motifed sarees. Rajkot Bandhej Sarees Jodhpuri Bandhej and Jaipuri Bandhej symbolize a special process of tie-and dye creating the very popular LEHERIA pattern. Its name is derived from `leher' meaning waves and depicts a stylized wave pattern on bandhej. Jodhpur Bandhej sarees , turbans and dupattas with `leheria' pattern are adored for festive occasions like Teej and Diwali. Jaipur Bandhej sarees on the other hand boast of the most intricate patterns emerging in discharge with vibrant backgrounds and therefore is a style statement with experimental fabrics and trendy styles.
Bandhej or bandhini is thus one fabric art, loved and desired by women from all over the world. And a bandhej sari is definitely one possession, no women can say no to!!!